The 2016 Olympics have officially ended, and now we await the next 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. For now, let’s look back at the track cycling venues in past 9 Olympics.
The 1984 Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles, California, United States in 1984.
The Olympic Velodrome for the track cycling events was located on the campus of California State University, Dominguez Hills in Carson, California. Constructed between 1981-1982,it was an open air velodrome and was mainly sponsored by the American convenience store chain 7-Eleven.
The 333.3 meter long track was demolished in 2003 and replaced by the ADT Event Center in 2004. The ADT center was built to the south of where the Olympic Velodrome was, and where the velodrome once stood, it was replaced by the VELO Sports Center which remains the only Olympic-standard velodrome in the United States.
The 1988 Summer Olympics were held in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. They were the second summer Olympic Games to be held in Asia and the first since the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo, Japan.
The Seoul Olympic Cyclodrome is an open air velodrome located at the Olympic Park in Seoul, South Korea. It hosted the track cycling events of the 1988 Summer Olympics. It was constructed from September 1984 to April 1986 and has a seating capacity of 6,000.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games held in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992. Beginning in 1994, the International Olympic Committee decided to hold the games in alternating even-numbered years; as a result, the 1992 Summer Olympics were the last competition to be staged in the same year as the Winter Olympics.
Velòdrom d'Horta is a velodrome located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was the track cycling venue for the 1992 Summer Olympics and was also the venue for the UCI Track Cycling World Championships in 1984.
The velodrome, designed by Esteve Bonell and Francesc Rius, was built in 1984 as the first of Barcelona's construction projects in preparation for the bid for the 1992 Summer Olympics in 1986. It was the first velodrome built to new FIAC rules permitting a 250 m track if surfaced with wood. The building won the FAD architecture prize in 1985.
It was the last permanent open-air velodrome used for Olympic Track Cycling events, Olympic velodromes have been built with a roof since 2000.
The 1996 Summer Olympics took place in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, from July 19 to August 4, 1996.
Atlanta's velodrome at Stone Mountain in 1996 was an open air velodrome that was temporary. It was located in the scenic site of Stone Mountain Park in Stone Mountain, Georgia. Stone Mountain was once owned by the Venable Brothers and was the site of the founding of the second Ku Klux Klan in 1915.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, commonly known as the Millennium Olympic Games in 2000 were held in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was the second time that the Summer Olympics were held in Australia, and also the Southern Hemisphere, the first being in Melbourne, Victoria, in 1956.
The cycling venue for the 2000 Olympic games, the Dunc Gray Velodrome was opened on 28 November 1999 and is named after Edgar "Dunc" Gray, the first Australian to win a cycling Gold Medal at the Olympic Games (Los Angeles 1932).
At the time of its construction, the State Government owned the velodrome. Bankstown Council managed the velodrome under a sublease. In 1998, the council sublet the velodrome to Bankstown Sports Club, under a 21-year sublease. The council is scheduled to resume control of the velodrome in 2019
Costing $42 million as a track cycling venue for the Sydney 2000 Olympics, construction of the velodrome, as well as an 800m Criterium Practice Track, commenced in May 1998 and finished in November 1999. At 250 meters length, 60 kilometers worth of Baltic Pine (Finland) were used in its composition, it is made to resemble a cyclist helmet.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games were held in 2004 with the motto Welcome Home (Home of the first Olympics). 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries
The Olympic Velodrome stadium at the Athens Olympic Sports Complex, built in 1991 for the Mediterranean Games. It was extensively refurbished in order to host the track cycling events at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
The stadium has distinctive twin roofs covering the stands on each side, designed by Santiago Calatrava. The track, made of Afzelia wood, is 250 m. long and 7.5 m. wide. Construction of the stadium was completed on May 30, 2004, and it was officially opened on July 30, 2004.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games were held in 2008 in Beijing, China. It was the third time that the Summer Olympic Games were held in East Asia and Asia, after Tokyo, Japan, in 1964 and Seoul, South Korea, in 1988.
The Laoshan is located in Laoshan, Shijingshan District, Beijing, China. It was built for the 2008 Summer Olympics. The venue was tested during the UCI Track World Cup in December 2007.
The Laoshan Velodrome is used for international and national cycling competitions and training after the Olympic Games.
The velodrome was designed by Schuermann Architects, designers of the ADT Event Center in Carson, CA (1984 track venue predecessor) and the UCI Cycling Center in Aigle, Switzerland.
The 2012 Summer Olympics took place in London and to a lesser extent across the United Kingdom in 2012. The first event, the group stage in women's football began on 25 July at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, followed by the opening ceremonies on 27 July.
Lee Valley VeloPark cycling centre on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, East London was opened to the public in March 2014. The facility was one of the permanent venues for the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
In 2009, at the time work began on the construction of the velodrome, the estimated cost of that facility alone was £105 million. Work on the velodrome was completed in February 2011, and was the first Olympic Park venue to be completed.
The roof is designed to reflect the geometry of cycling helmet as well as being lightweight and efficient reflecting a bike. Designer Ron Webb, who designed the velodrome tracks for the Sydney and Athens Games, was in charge of the design and installation of the track. The 250-metre track was made with 56 km of Siberian Pine.
The velodrome was officially opened by many successful British athletes including Chris Hoy and Victoria Pendleton. It is informally known as "The Pringle" due to its distinctive shape. It was shortlisted for the 2011 RIBA Stirling Prize and won the 2011 Structural Awards Supreme Award for Structural Engineering. In 2011, it also won the Prime Minister's Better Public Building Award at British Construction Industry Awards.
The Rio 2016 Olympic Velodrome, officially the Velódromo Municipal do Rio is located in the Barra Olympic Park sports complex in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Built as a replacement for the former Barra Velodrome, the venue is scheduled to host track cycling events during the 2016 Summer Paralympics as well, and the velodrome will form part of the Olympic Training Center.
The Rio Olympic Velodrome was designed by Schuermann Architects, a German design group led by Ralph Schuermann. The group had previously designed the Laoshan Velodrome for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, along with six other Olympic cycling venues and twenty World Championship venues. The wooden track is made from timber sourced from the Siberian pine, considered to be the fastest surface for track cycling.
The 2020 Olympic track cycling events in Tokyo,Japan will be held in Hachijoji in a temporary velodrome built especially for the event. For the 2020 Olympics, a velodrome will be constructed on a man-made island in Tokyo Bay flanked by the Ariake Arena and the Olympic Gymnastic centre.